Special damages are generally expenses that the injured person has to pay to cover costs that they were required to incur as a result of a defendant’s negligence. Examples of the types of special damages usually claimed in personal injury actions are the cost of medical treatment and rehabilitation, the cost of travel to and from medical treatment, as well as the cost of medication, vehicle repairs, and housekeeping services. This list is not exhaustive, but gives you an idea of how extensive these damages can be. Unlike non-pecuniary damages, special damages are generally directly quantifiable through receipts and other similar sources of information.